Holy See History
Source: US State Department
In 1870, Victor Emmanuel captured Rome itself and declared it the new capital of Italy, ending papal claims to temporal power. Pope Pius IX and his successors disputed the legitimacy of these acts and proclaimed themselves to be "prisoners" in the Vatican. Finally, in 1929, the Italian Government and the Holy See signed three agreements resolving the dispute:
A revised concordat, altering the terms of church-state relations, was signed in 1984.
NOTE: The information regarding Holy See on this page is re-published from the US State Department. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Holy See History information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Holy See History should be addressed to the State Department.