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    Lebanon Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/lebanon/lebanon_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Lebanese Republic
      conventional short form: Lebanon
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah
      local short form: Lubnan

      Government type: republic

      Capital: Beirut

      Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (mohafazat, singular - mohafazah); Beyrouth, Ech Chimal, Ej Jnoub, El Bekaa, Jabal Loubnane

      Independence: 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 22 November (1943)

      Constitution: 23 May 1926, amended a number of times, most recently Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation (Taif Accord) of October 1989

      Legal system: mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: 21 years of age; compulsory for all males; authorized for women at age 21 with elementary education

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Emile LAHUD (since 24 November 1998)
      head of government: Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI (since 23 October 2000); Deputy Prime Minister Issam FARES (since 23 October 2000)
      cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and members of the National Assembly; the current Cabinet was formed in 1998
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a six-year term; election last held 15 October 1998 (next to be held NA 2004); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president in consultation with the National Assembly; by custom, the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the legislature is a Shi'a Muslim
      election results: Emile LAHUD elected president; National Assembly vote - 118 votes in favor, 0 against, 10 abstentions

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis Alnuwab (Arabic) or Assemblee Nationale (French) (128 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 27 August and 3 September 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Muslim 57% (of which Sunni 25%, Sh'ite 25%, Druze 6%, Alawite less than 1%), Christian 43% (of which Maronite 23%); seats by party - Muslim 64 (of which Sunni 27, Sh'ite 27, Druze 8, Alawite 2), Christian 64 (of which Maronite 34)

      Judicial branch: four Courts of Cassation (three courts for civil and commercial cases and one court for criminal cases); Constitutional Council (called for in Ta'if Accord - rules on constitutionality of laws); Supreme Council (hears charges against the president and prime minister as needed)

      Political parties and leaders: political party activity is organized along largely sectarian lines; numerous political groupings exist, consisting of individual political figures and followers motivated by religious, clan, and economic considerations

      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA

      International organization participation: ABEDA, ACCT, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Farid ABBOUD
      chancery: 2560 28th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-6300
      FAX: [1] (202) 939-6324
      consulate(s) general: Detroit, New York, and Los Angeles

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador David M. SATTERFIELD
      embassy: Antelias, Beirut
      mailing address: P. O. Box 70-840, Antelias, Beirut; PSC 815, Box 2, FPO AE 09836-0002
      telephone: [961] (4) 543600, 543600
      FAX: [961] (4) 544136

      Flag description: three horizontal bands of red (top), white (double width), and red with a green and brown cedar tree centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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