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    Romania Government 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/romania/romania_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Romania
      local long form: none
      local short form: Romania

      Government type: republic

      Capital: Bucharest

      Administrative divisions: 40 counties (judete, singular - judet) and 1 municipality* (municipiu); Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti*, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

      Independence: 1881 (from Turkey; republic proclaimed 30 December 1947)

      National holiday: Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)

      Constitution: 8 December 1991

      Legal system: former mixture of civil law system and communist legal theory; is now based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Ion ILIESCU (since 20 December 2000)
      head of government: Prime Minister Adrian NASTASE (since 29 December 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 26 November 2000, with runoff between the top two candidates held 10 December 2000 (next to be held NA November/December 2004); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: percent of vote - Ion ILIESCU 66.84%, Corneliu Vadim TUDOR 33.16%

      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (140 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Adunarea Deputatilor (345 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held in the fall of 2004); Chamber of Deputies - last held 26 November 2000 (next to be held in the fall of 2004)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PDSR 37.1%, PRM 21.0%, PD 7.6%, PNL 7.5%, UDMR 6.9%; seats by party - PDSR 65, PRM 37, PD 13, PNL 13, UDMR 12; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PDSR 36.6%, PRM 19.5%, PD 7.0%, PNL, 6.9%, UDMR 6.8%; seats by party - PDSR 155, PRM 84, PD 31, PNL 30, UDMR 27, ethnic minorities 18

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Superior Council of Magistrates)

      Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or PD [Petre ROMAN]; Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania or UDMR [Bela MARKO]; National Liberal Party or PNL [Mircea IONESCU-QUINTUS]; Party of Social Democracy in Romania or PDSR [Adrian NASTASE]; Romania Mare Party (Greater Romanian Party) or PRM [Corneliu Vadim TUDOR]; The Democratic Convention or CDR [Ion DIACONESCU]

      Political pressure groups and leaders: various human rights and professional associations

      International organization participation: ACCT, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G- 9, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
      chancery: 1607 23rd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 332-4846, 4848, 4851
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-4748
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador James C. ROSAPEPE
      embassy: Strada Tudor Arghezi 7-9, Bucharest
      mailing address: American Embassy Bucharest, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5260 (pouch)
      telephone: [40] (1) 210 40 42
      FAX: [40] (1) 210 03 95
      branch office(s): Cluj-Napoca

      Flag description: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band has been removed; now similar to the flag of Chad, also resembles the flags of Andorra and Moldova

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/romania/romania_government.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01