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    Tuvalu Geography 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/tuvalu/tuvalu_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 178 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 26 sq km
      land: 26 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 24 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

      Terrain: very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 5 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, in 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level

      Environment - current issues: since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is very concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Tuvalu on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tuvalu Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tuvalu Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/tuvalu/tuvalu_geography.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01