. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |Main INDEX|
  • Country Ranks

  • ; geographic.org; Home; Page; Country Index

    United States History
    National Expansion And Reform, 1815-1860

    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies

    Railroad Tickets to the West During this period, the small republic founded by George Washington's generation became the world's largest democracy. All adult, white males received the right to vote.

    With wider suffrage, politics became hotly contested. The period also saw the emergence--and demise--of a number of significant political parties, including the Democratic, the Whig, the American, the Free Soil, and the Republican Parties.

    Meanwhile, the young republic expanded geographically from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Stars and Stripes were raised over Texas, Oregon, California, and the Southwest. Expansion, however, proved to be a mixed blessing for Americans.

    While many white settlers found new opportunities to the West, their settlement displaced other groups including Indian tribes and Mexicans. In addition, territorial expansion gave African-American slavery a new lease on life and led to increasing conflict between North and South.

    Auction & Negro Sales Democracy and territorial expansion led most Americans to feel optimistic about the future. These forces, reinforced by widespread religious revivals, also led many Americans to support social reforms.

    These reforms included promoting temperance, creating public school systems, improving the treatment of prisoners, the insane, and the poor, abolishing slavery, and gaining equal rights for women. Some of these reforms achieved significant successes.

    The political climate supporting reform declined in the 1850s, as conflict grew between the North and South over the slavery question.

    NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Algeria Introduction information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United States History Introduction should be addressed to the Library of Congress.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -


    Revised 04-Jul-02
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)