Argentina History Viceroyalty
Source: Argentina National Department of Culture
The first colonizers to arrive in South America were Spaniards. In a way, this happened by mere chance, since they intended to find a passage to India. Basically motivated by the expectations of finding precious metals, it is not surprising that the Spanish crown should consider Lima rather than Buenos Aires, which only had virgin lands and nomadic tribes with hostile natives.
That is why the Viceroyalty of Peru developed slowly, always under the shadows of the Inca Empire.
It was the interest aroused by the development of the port of Buenos Aires for countries such as Portugal (which expanded its colonizing campaigns up to Plata River), England and France, (which carried out expeditions in Patagonia and Malvinas) that made Spain aware of the importance and autonomy of this region.
Viceroyalty of Plata River. Thus the Viceroyalty of Plata River was created in 1776. While, in the beginning, the population was distributed among different points of the interior, but, thanks to the prosperity of the littoral stockbreeders and the merits of the port of Buenos Aires, from which leather, tallow and wool were exported, economic activity was increasingly centered in Buenos Aires.
When May Revolution broke out in 1810, Plata River was a valued business center which sought to get rid of the Spanish monopoly. European powers which were more recent and stronger than the worn-out Spanish empire, such as England, boosted the dismemberment of the Viceroyalty.
Finally, and as a consequence of this process, the structuring of the Argentine territory could be achieved. It has:
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