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    Azerbaijan Stalin and Post-Stalin Politics
    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies

    During Stalin's dictatorship in the Soviet Union (1926-53), Azerbaijan suffered, as did other Soviet republics, from forced collectivization and far-reaching purges. Yet during the same period, Azerbaijan also achieved significant gains in industrialization and literacy levels that were impressive in comparison with those of other Muslim states of the Middle East at that time.

    After Stalin Moscow's intrusions were less sweeping but nonetheless authoritarian. In 1959 Nikita S. Khrushchev, first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), moved to purge leaders of the Azerbaijani Communist Party (ACP) because of corruption and nationalist tendencies. Leonid I. Brezhnev, Khrushchev's successor, also removed ACP leaders for nationalist leanings, naming Heydar Aliyev in 1969 as the new ACP leader. In turn, Mikhail S. Gorbachev removed Aliyev in 1987, ostensibly for health reasons, although later Aliyev was accused of corruption.

    Data as of March 1994

    NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Stalin and Post-Stalin Politics information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Stalin and Post-Stalin Politics should be addressed to the Library of Congress.

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    Revised 04-Jul-02
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