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    Azerbaijan Within the Russian Empire
    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies


    Sixteenth-century palace of the Sheki khans, Sheki
    Courtesy Jay Kempen

    Beginning in the early eighteenth century, Russia slowly asserted political domination over the northern part of Azerbaijan, while Persia retained control of southern Azerbaijan. In the nineteenth century, the division between Russian and Persian Azerbaijan was largely determined by two treaties concluded after wars between the two countries. The Treaty of Gulistan (1813) established the Russo-Persian border roughly along the Aras River, and the Treaty of Turkmanchay (1828) awarded Russia the Nakhichevan khanates (along the present-day border between Armenia and Turkey) in the region of the Talysh Mountains. The land that is now Azerbaijan was split among three Russian administrative areas--Baku and Elizavetpol provinces and part of Yerevan Province, which also extended into present-day Armenia.

    Data as of March 1994

    NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Within the Russian Empire information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Within the Russian Empire should be addressed to the Library of Congress.

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    Revised 04-Jul-02
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