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    Greece Geography 2001

      Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      total: 131,940 sq km
      land: 130,800 sq km
      water: 1,140 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Alabama

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,210 km
      border countries: Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 228 km

      Coastline: 13,676 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 6 NM

      Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

      Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble, hydropower potential

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 41%
      forests and woodland: 20%
      other: 12% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 13,140 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: severe earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: air pollution; water pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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