Greece PASOK Foreign Policy
Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies
In foreign policy, PASOK proved far more moderate in power than it had been as an opposition party. Although Papandreou's strident anti-American rhetoric caused friction with the administration of United States president Ronald W. Reagan, PASOK was willing to compromise on specific issues such as continuation of United States bases in Greece, after vigorous negotiations. Despite his theoretical nonalignment and conciliation of bêtes noires of the West such as Muammar al Qadhafi of Libya, Saddam Husayn of Iraq, and Yasir Arafat of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Papandreou balanced Greece's international position by keeping Greece in NATO and the EC.
In its policy toward Turkey, the PASOK government stood firm. In 1982 Papandreou became the first Greek prime minister to visit Cyprus, signaling strong support for the Greek population of the divided island. In 1984 he mobilized the Greek military for war when Turkish batteries opened fire on a Greek destroyer. And in 1987, he once again brought Greece to the brink of war when Turkey threatened to send an oil exploration vessel into Greek territorial waters. In 1988 a thaw resulted from a meeting between Papandreou and Turkey's President Turgut Özal in Davos, Switzerland, where new avenues of bilateral communication and consultation were arranged. Soon thereafter, however, the "spirit of Davos" was strained again by disputes over the treatment of minorities, air space, and access to Aegean oil.
Data as of December 1994
NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece PASOK Foreign Policy information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece PASOK Foreign Policy should be addressed to the Library of Congress.