Greece The Origins of Civilization: 3200-1050 B.C.
Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies
The second millennium B.C. saw the evolution of two powerful Greek civilizations, the Minoan in Crete and the Mycenaean on the mainland. During the early Bronze Age (3000-2200 B.C.), major changes occurred in both Crete and mainland Greece. In both cases, there is evidence of rapid population growth associated with the establishment of trade connections across the Aegean Sea to Anatolia and the Near East. The Cyclades (Kiklades), islands between Crete and the mainland, were settled at this time and seem to have flourished as stepping stones between Europe and Asia. Both the Cyclades and the mainland developed complex societies featuring skilled craftsmen and political elites.
Data as of December 1994
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