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    Lebanon Geography 2001

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

      Geographic coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 10,400 sq km
      land: 10,230 sq km
      water: 170 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      total: 454 km
      border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m

      Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 8%
      other: 64% (1996 est.)

      Irrigated land: 860 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity

      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)