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    Sierra Leone Geography 2001

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

      Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 71,740 sq km
      land: 71,620 sq km
      water: 120 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries:
      total: 958 km
      border countries: Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

      Coastline: 402 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)

      Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 31%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 33% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 290 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms

      Environment - current issues: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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