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    Singapore FOUNDING AND EARLY YEARS, 1819-26
    Source: The Library of Congress Country Studies


    Singapore Malay fishing village, nineteenth century
    Courtesysg Library of Congress


    Rattan harvesting in nineteenth-century Singapore
    Courtesy Library of Congress


    Figure 3. The Straits Settlements, 1826

    Source: Based on information from Gerald Percy Dartford, A Short History of Malaya, London, 1957, 102; and Constance M. Turnbull, The Straits Settlements, 1826-67, London, 1972.

    By the early seventeenth century, both the Dutch and the English were sending regular expeditions to the East Indies. The English soon gave up the trade, however, and concentrated their efforts on India. In 1641 the Dutch captured Malacca and soon after replaced the Portuguese as the preeminent European power in the Malay Archipelago. From their capital at Batavia on Java, they sought to monopolize the spice trade. Their short-sighted policies and harsh treatment of offenders, however, impoverished their suppliers and encouraged smuggling and piracy by the Bugis and other peoples. By 1795, the Dutch enterprise in the East was losing money and, in Europe, the Netherlands was at war with France. The Dutch king fled to Britain where, in desperation, he issued the Kew Letters, by which all Dutch overseas territories were temporarily placed under British authority in order to keep them from falling to the French.

    Data as of December 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Singapore on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Singapore FOUNDING AND EARLY YEARS, 1819-26 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Singapore FOUNDING AND EARLY YEARS, 1819-26 should be addressed to the Library of Congress.

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    Revised 04-Jul-02
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