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    Somalia Government 2001

    https://photius.com/wfb2001/somalia/somalia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Somalia
      former: Somali Republic, Somali Democratic Republic

      Government type: parliamentary

      Capital: Mogadishu

      Administrative divisions: 18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed

      Independence: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)

      National holiday: Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960)

      Constitution: 25 August 1979, presidential approval 23 September 1979
      note: the Transitional National Government formed in October 2000 has a mandate to create a new constitution and hold elections within three years

      Legal system: NA

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: ABDIKASSIM Salad Hassan (since 26 August 2000); note - Interim President ABDIKASSIM was chosen for a three-year term by a 245-member National Assembly serving as a transitional government; the present political situation is still unstable, particularly in the south, with interclan fighting and random banditry
      head of government: ALI Khalifa Galaydh, appointed by the president 8 October 2000
      cabinet: appointed by the prime minister and sworn in on 20 October 2000
      election results: ABDIKASSIM Salad Hassan was elected president of an interim government at the Djibouti-sponsored Arta Peace Conference on 26 August 2000 by a broad representation of Somali clans that comprised a transitional National Assembly.

      Legislative branch: unicameral People's Assembly or Golaha Shacbiga
      note: fledgling parliament; a transitional 245-member National Assembly began to meet on 13 August 2000 in the town of Arta, Djibouti and is now based in Mogadishu

      Judicial branch: following the breakdown of national government, most regions have reverted to Islamic (Shari'a) law with a provision for appeal of all sentences

      Political parties and leaders: none

      Political pressure groups and leaders: numerous clan and subclan factions are currently vying for power

      International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US: Somalia does not have an embassy in the US (ceased operations on 8 May 1991)

      Diplomatic representation from the US:

      the US does not have an embassy in Somalia; US interests are represented by the US Embassy in Nairobi at Moi Avenue and Haile Selassie Avenue; mail address:

      Flag description: light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; design based on the flag of the UN (Italian Somaliland was a UN trust territory)

      Government - note: An interim Transitional National Government - with a president, prime minister, and 245-member National Assembly - was formed in October 2000. However, other governing bodies continue to exist and control various cities and regions of the country, including Somaliland, Puntland, and traditional clan and faction strongholds.

      NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Government 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Government 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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