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    Sri Lanka Geography 2001

      Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

      Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      total: 65,610 sq km
      land: 64,740 sq km
      water: 870 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,340 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

      Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 15%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 5,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Sri Lanka on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sri Lanka Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sri Lanka Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)