Source: US State Department
The Romans ruled and settled in North Africa until the 5th century, when the Roman Empire fell and Tunisia was invaded by European tribes, including the Vandals.
The Muslim conquest in the 7th century transformed Tunisia and the make-up of its population, with subsequent waves of migration from around the Arab and Ottoman world, including significant numbers of Spanish Muslims and Jews at the end of the 15th century. Tunisia became a center of Arab culture and learning and was assimilated into the Turkish Ottoman Empire in the 16th century.
It was a French protectorate from 1881 until independence in 1956, and retains close political, economic, and cultural ties with France.
NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the US State Department. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia History information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia History should be addressed to the State Department.