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    World Economy 2001

      Economy - overview: Growth in global output (gross world product, GWP) rose to 4.8% in 2000 from 3.5% in 1999, despite continued low growth in Japan, severe financial difficulties in other East Asian countries, and widespread dislocations in several transition economies. The US economy continued its remarkable sustained prosperity, growing at 5% in 2000, although growth slowed in fourth quarter 2000; the US accounted for 23% of GWP. The EU economies grew at 3.3% and produced 20% of GWP. China, the second largest economy in the world, continued its strong growth and accounted for 10% of GWP. Japan grew at only 1.3% in 2000; its share in GWP is 7%. As usual, the 15 successor nations of the USSR and the other old Warsaw Pact nations experienced widely different rates of growth. The developing nations also varied in their growth results, with many countries facing population increases that eat up gains in output. Externally, the nation-state, as a bedrock economic-political institution, is steadily losing control over international flows of people, goods, funds, and technology. Internally, the central government often finds its control over resources slipping as separatist regional movements - typically based on ethnicity - gain momentum, e.g., in many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union, in the former Yugoslavia, in India, and in Canada. In Western Europe, governments face the difficult political problem of channeling resources away from welfare programs in order to increase investment and strengthen incentives to seek employment. The addition of 80 million people each year to an already overcrowded globe is exacerbating the problems of pollution, desertification, underemployment, epidemics, and famine. Because of their own internal problems and priorities, the industrialized countries devote insufficient resources to deal effectively with the poorer areas of the world, which, at least from the economic point of view, are becoming further marginalized. Continued financial difficulties in East Asia, Russia, and many African nations, as well as the slowdown in US economic growth, cast a shadow over short-term global economic prospects; GWP probably will grow at 3-4% in 2001. The introduction of the euro as the common currency of much of Western Europe in January 1999, while paving the way for an integrated economic powerhouse, poses serious economic risks because of varying levels of income and cultural and political differences among the participating nations. (For specific economic developments in each country of the world in 2000, see the individual country entries.)

      GDP: GWP (gross world product) - purchasing power parity - $43.6 trillion (2000 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: 4.8% (2000 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,200 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 4%
      industry: 32%
      services: 64% (1999 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): all countries 25%; developed countries 1% to 3% typically; developing countries 5% to 60% typically (2000 est.)
      note: national inflation rates vary widely in individual cases, from stable prices in Japan to hyperinflation in a number of Third World countries

      Labor force: NA

      Labor force - by occupation: agricultue NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

      Unemployment rate: 30% combined unemployment and underemployment in many non-industrialized countries; developed countries typically 4%-12% unemployment (2000 est.)

      Industries: dominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems

      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: NA%
      hydro: NA%
      nuclear: NA%
      other: NA%

      Exports: $6 trillion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)

      Exports - commodities: the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services

      Exports - partners: in value, about 75% of exports from the developed countries

      Imports: $6 trillion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)

      Imports - commodities: the whole range of industrial and agricultural goods and services

      Imports - partners: in value, about 75% of imports by the developed countries

      Debt - external: $2 trillion for less developed countries (2000 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: traditional worldwide foreign aid $50 billion (1997 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding World on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of World Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about World Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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