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China People 2010
https://workmall.com/wfb2010/china/china_people.html
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

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China People 2010
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 26, 2010

Population:
1,338,612,968 (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 19.8% (male 140,877,745/female 124,290,090)
15-64 years: 72.1% (male 495,724,889/female 469,182,087)
65 years and over: 8.1% (male 51,774,115/female 56,764,042) (2009 est.)

Median age:
total: 34.1 years
male: 33.5 years
female: 34.7 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.655% (2009 est.)

Birth rate:
14 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:
7.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

Net migration rate:
-0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Urbanization:
urban population: 43% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 2.7% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 20.25 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 73.47 years
male: 71.61 years
female: 75.52 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.79 children born/woman (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
700,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
39,000 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis and dengue fever
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality:
noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese

Ethnic groups:
Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions:
Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)

Languages:
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.9%
male: 95.1%
female: 86.5% (2000 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2006)

Education expenditures:
1.9% of GDP (1999)


NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 2010 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China People 2010 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China People 2010 should be addressed to the CIA.






This page was last modified 09-Feb-10
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