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Maldives Introduction 2010
https://workmall.com/wfb2010/maldives/maldives_introduction.html
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

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Maldives Introduction 2010
SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 15, 2010

Background:
The Maldives was long a sultanate, first under Dutch and then under British protection. It became a republic in 1968, three years after independence. President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM dominated the islands' political scene for 30 years, elected to six successive terms by single-party referendums. Following riots in the capital Male in August 2004, the president and his government pledged to embark upon democratic reforms including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Progress was sluggish, however, and many promised reforms were slow to be realized. Nonetheless, political parties were legalized in 2005. In June 2008, a constituent assembly - termed the "Special Majlis" - finalized a new constitution, which was ratified by the president in August. The first-ever presidential elections under a multi-candidate, multi-party system were held in October 2008. GAYOOM was defeated in a runoff poll by Mohamed NASHEED, a political activist who had been jailed several years earlier by the former regime. Challenges facing the new president include strengthening democracy and combating poverty and drug abuse.


NOTE: The information regarding Maldives on this page is re-published from the 2010 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maldives Introduction 2010 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maldives Introduction 2010 should be addressed to the CIA.






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