Brazil PEOPLE 2014


Brazil PEOPLE 2014

Page last updated on January 31, 2014

noun: Brazilian(s)
adjective: Brazilian

Ethnic groups:
white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language)
note: less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/Voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Demographic profile:
Brazil's rapid fertility decline since the 1960s is the main factor behind the country's slowing population growth rate, aging population, and fast-paced demographic transition. Brasilia has not taken full advantage of its large working-age population to develop its human capital and strengthen its social and economic institutions. The current favorable age structure will begin to shift around 2025, with the labor force shrinking and the elderly starting to compose an increasing share of the total population. Well-funded public pensions have nearly wiped out poverty among the elderly, but limited social spending on children has restricted investment in education - a primary means of escaping poverty. Brazil's poverty and income inequality levels remain high despite improvements in the 2000s and continue to disproportionately affect the Northeast, North, and Center-West, women, and black, mixed race, and indigenous populations. Disparities in opportunities foster social exclusion and contribute to Brazil's high crime rate, particularly violent crime in cities and favelas.

Brazil has traditionally been a net recipient of immigrants, with its southeast being the prime destination. After the importation of African slaves was outlawed in the mid-19th century, Brazil sought Europeans (Italians, Portuguese, Spaniards, and Germans) and later Asians (Japanese) to work in agriculture, especially coffee cultivation. Recent immigrants come mainly from Argentina, Chile, and Andean countries (many are unskilled illegal migrants) or are returning Brazilian nationals. Since Brazil's economic downturn in the 1980s, emigration to the United States, Europe, and Japan has been rising but is negligible relative to Brazil's total population. The majority of these emigrants are well-educated and middle-class. Fewer Brazilian peasants are emigrating to neighboring countries to take up agricultural work.

201,009,622 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.2% (male 24,814,906/female 23,879,697)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 16.7% (male 16,982,245/female 16,513,161)
25-54 years: 43.6% (male 43,396,927/female 44,170,680)
55-64 years: 8.2% (male 7,792,041/female 8,736,359)
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 6,250,580/female 8,473,026) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 46.2 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 35.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 11 %
potential support ratio: 9.1 (2013)

Median age:
total: 30.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 29.5 years
female: 31.1 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.83% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
14.97 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.51 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 87% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
Sao Paulo 19.96 million; Rio de Janeiro 11.836 million; Belo Horizonte 5.736 million; Porto Alegre 4.034 million; BRASILIA (capital) 3.813 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
56 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 19.83 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 93
male: 23.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 73.02 years
country comparison to the world: 127
male: 69.48 years
female: 76.74 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.81 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
80.3% (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.9% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.76 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 84.5% of population
total: 97.2% of population
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 15.5% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 86.7% of population
rural: 48.4% of population
total: 80.8% of population
urban: 13.3% of population
rural: 51.6% of population
total: 19.2% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
18.8% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
2.2% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 53
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.4%
male: 90.1%
female: 90.7% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2005)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 959,942
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 3 %
note: data represents children ages 5-13 (2009 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 15.4%
country comparison to the world: 82
male: 12.2%
female: 19.8% (2011)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Brazil on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Brazil PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brazil PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 06-Nov-14
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