China PEOPLE 2014


China PEOPLE 2014

Page last updated on January 28, 2014

noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese

Ethnic groups:
Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)

1,349,585,838 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 17.2% (male 124,773,577/female 107,286,198)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 15.4% (male 109,922,192/female 98,325,568)
25-54 years: 46.7% (male 322,161,347/female 308,101,780)
55-64 years: 11.3% (male 77,374,476/female 75,289,733)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 60,597,243/female 65,753,724) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 36.8 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 24.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.1 %
potential support ratio: 8.2 (2013)

Median age:
total: 36.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 35.5 years
female: 37.2 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.46% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
12.25 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.31 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 50.6% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
Shanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 110
male: 15.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.99 years
country comparison to the world: 100
male: 72.96 years
female: 77.27 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.55 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
84.6% (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 91.7% of population
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 8.3% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 74.1% of population
rural: 55.8% of population
total: 65.1% of population
urban: 25.9% of population
rural: 44.2% of population
total: 34.9% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
740,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
26,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.4% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 97.5%
female: 92.7% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2011)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 06-Nov-14
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