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France Economy 2014

SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











France Economy 2014
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 31, 2014

Economy - overview:
The French economy is diversified across all sectors. The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales. However, the government maintains a strong presence in some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. With at least 79 million foreign tourists per year, France is the most visited country in the world and maintains the third largest income in the world from tourism. France's leaders remain committed to a capitalism in which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that reduce income disparity and the impact of free markets on public health and welfare. France's real GDP contracted 2.6% in 2009, but recovered somewhat in 2010 and 2011, before stagnating in 2012. The unemployment rate increased from 7.4% in 2008 to 10.3% in 2012. Youth unemployment shot up to 24.2% during the third quarter of 2012 in metropolitan France. Lower-than-expected growth and high unemployment costs have strained France's public finances. The budget deficit rose sharply from 3.4% of GDP in 2008 to 7.5% of GDP in 2009 before improving to 4.8% of GDP in 2012, while France's public debt rose from 68% of GDP to 90% over the same period. Under President SARKOZY, Paris implemented some austerity measures to bring the budget deficit under the 3% euro-zone ceiling by 2013 and to highlight France's commitment to fiscal discipline at a time of intense financial market scrutiny of euro-zone debt. Socialist Party candidate Francois HOLLANDE won the May 2012 presidential election, after advocating pro-growth economic policies, the separation of banks' traditional deposit taking and lending activities from more speculative businesses, increasing the top corporate and personal tax rates, and hiring an additional 60,000 teachers during his five-year term. The government's attempt to introduce a 75% wealth tax on income over one million euros for two years was struck down by the French Constitutional Council in December 2012 because it applied to individuals rather than households. France ratified the EU fiscal stability treaty in October 2012 and HOLLANDE's government has maintained France's commitment to meeting the budget deficit target of 3% of GDP during 2013 even amid signs that economic growth will be lower than the government's forecast of 0.8%. Despite stagnant growth and fiscal challenges, France's borrowing costs declined during the second half of 2012 to euro-era lows.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$2.238 trillion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10

$2.238 trillion (2011 est.)
$2.193 trillion (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
[see also: GDP country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.579 trillion (2012 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]

GDP - real growth rate:
0% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180

2% (2011 est.)
1.7% (2010 est.)
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita:
$35,300 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38

$35,500 (2011 est.)
$34,900 (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

Gross national saving:
17.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 88

18.9% of GDP (2011 est.)
17.9% of GDP (2010 est.)
[see also: Gross national saving country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 57.7%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - household consumption country ranks ]
government consumption: 24.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27.4%
imports of goods and services: -29.6%

(2012 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 2%
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 18.8%
services: 79.2% (2012 est.)

Agriculture - products:
wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish

Industries:
machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

Industrial production growth rate:
-1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]

Labor force:
29.78 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 22
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 3.8%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 24.3%
services: 71.8% (2005)

Unemployment rate:
9.8% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105

9.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
7.8% (2010)
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ]
highest 10%: 24.8% (2004)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
32.7 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 101

32.7 (1995)
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]

Budget:
revenues: $1.358 trillion
[see also: Budget revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $1.485 trillion (2012 est.)

Taxes and other revenues:
52.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Taxes and other revenues country ranks ]

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-4.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) country ranks ]

Public debt:
90.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17

85.8% of GDP (2011 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
[see also: Public debt country ranks ]

Fiscal year:
calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.2% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51

2.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
1.5% (31 December 2012)
country comparison to the world: 116

1.75% (31 December 2010)
note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
3.44% (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173

3.43% (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of narrow money:
$939.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

$908.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
note: see entry for the European Union for money supply in the euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 17 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders
[see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ]

Stock of broad money:
$2.571 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

$2.499 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ]

Stock of domestic credit:
$3.631 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

$3.448 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$1.569 trillion (31 December 2011)
country comparison to the world: 8

$1.926 trillion (31 December 2010)
$1.972 trillion (31 December 2009)
[see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ]

Current account balance:
$-57.2 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189

$-49.2 billion (2011 est.)
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$567.4 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6

$592.9 billion (2011 est.)
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages

Exports - partners:
Germany 16.7%, Belgium 7.5%, Italy 7.5%, Spain 6.9%, UK 6.9%, US 5.6%, Netherlands 4.3% (2012)

Imports:
$643.4 billion (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

$686.4 billion (2011 est.)
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals

Imports - partners:
Germany 19.5%, Belgium 11.3%, Italy 7.6%, Netherlands 7.4%, Spain 6.6%, UK 5.1%, China 4.9% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$184.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15

$171.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:
$5.165 trillion (31 December 2012)
country comparison to the world: 5

$5.004 trillion (31 December 2011)
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$1.095 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7

$956.3 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$1.497 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4

$1.275 trillion (31 December 2011 est.)
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar -

0.7752 (2012 est.)
0.7194 (2011 est.)
0.755 (2010 est.)
0.7198 (2009 est.)
0.6827 (2008 est.)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France Economy 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Economy 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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