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Somalia PEOPLE 2014

SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Somalia PEOPLE 2014
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 28, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Somali(s)
adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups:
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

Languages:
Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English

Religions:
Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter)

Population:
10,251,568 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.3% (male 2,270,282/female 2,273,506)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 18.9% (male 978,197/female 955,253)
25-54 years: 31% (male 1,643,803/female 1,538,723)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 165,408/female 188,992)
65 years and over: 2.3% (male 93,434/female 143,970) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 100.1 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 94.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %
potential support ratio: 17.7 (2013)

Median age:
total: 17.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.8 years
female: 17.6 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.67% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
41.45 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
14.22 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-10.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 213
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 37.7% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
MOGADISHU (capital) 1.353 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
1,000 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 101.91 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 3
male: 110.74 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 92.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 51.19 years
country comparison to the world: 217
male: 49.22 years
female: 53.23 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
6.17 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
14.6% (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 29.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 70.5% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 52% of population
rural: 6.3% of population
total: 23.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 48% of population
rural: 93.7% of population
total: 76.4% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.7% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
34,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,600 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
4.8% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 162
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
32.8% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.8%
male: 49.7%
female: 25.8% (2001 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 3 years
male: 3 years
female: 2 years (2007)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 1,148,265
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 49 % (2006 est.)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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