Venezuela PEOPLE 2014


Venezuela PEOPLE 2014

Page last updated on January 31, 2014

noun: Venezuelan(s)
adjective: Venezuelan

Ethnic groups:
Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%

Demographic profile:
Although poverty in Venezuela has declined during the CHAVEZ administration, dropping from nearly 50% in 1999 to about 27% in 2011, it remains high and some experts question how much of a role social expenditures have played in this poverty reduction. Progress in lowering poverty, income inequality, and unemployment may in fact be more closely linked to the rise and fall of prices for oil, Venezuela's dominant export. In the long-run, education and healthcare spending may increase economic growth and reduce income inequality, but rising costs and the staffing of new healthcare jobs with foreigners are slowing development. In the meantime, social investment has led to better living standards, including increased school enrollment, a substantial reduction in infant and child mortality, and greater access to potable water and sanitation.

Since CHAVEZ came to power in 1999, more than a million predominantly middle- and upper-class Venezuelans are estimated to have emigrated. The brain drain is attributed to a repressive political system, lack of economic opportunities, steep inflation, a high crime rate, and corruption. Thousands of oil engineers emigrated to Canada, Colombia, and the United States following CHAVEZ's firing of over 20,000 employees of the state-owned petroleum company during a 2002-2003 oil strike. Additionally, thousands of Venezuelans of European descent have taken up residence in their ancestral homelands. Nevertheless, Venezuela continues to attract immigrants from South America and southern Europe because of its lenient migration policy and the availability of education and healthcare. Venezuela also has been a fairly accommodating host to more than 200,000 Colombian refugees.

28,459,085 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 28.6% (male 4,144,958/female 3,989,521)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 18.8% (male 2,686,366/female 2,664,062)
25-54 years: 39.5% (male 5,520,689/female 5,727,432)
55-64 years: 7.3% (male 993,176/female 1,094,586)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 722,234/female 916,061) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 53.2 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 43.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.5 %
potential support ratio: 10.6 (2013)

Median age:
total: 26.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 25.9 years
female: 27.3 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.44% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
19.66 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.23 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
CARACAS (capital) 3.051 million; Maracaibo 2.153 million; Valencia 1.738 million; Barquisimeto 1.159 million; Maracay 1.04 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
92 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 80
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 19.75 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 94
male: 23.18 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.23 years
country comparison to the world: 113
male: 71.12 years
female: 77.5 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.37 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
70.3% (1998)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 138
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.94 physicians/1,000 population (2001)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 94.3% of population
rural: 75.3% of population
total: 92.9% of population
urban: 5.7% of population
rural: 24.7% of population
total: 7.1% of population (2007 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 56.9% of population
total: 90.9% of population
urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 43.1% of population
total: 9.1% of population (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA; note - no country specific models provided
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
30.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 26
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.7% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 98
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2007)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.5%
male: 95.7%
female: 95.4% (2009 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14.3 years (2009)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 404,092
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 8 % (2000 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 17.1%
country comparison to the world: 75
male: 14.3%
female: 22.6% (2012)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Venezuela PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 06-Nov-14
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