Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |2001 INDEX|
  • 2000 INDEX
  • 1999 INDEX
  • 1998 INDEX
  • 1996 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Iran Geography 2001
    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/iran/iran_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2001 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan

      Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 53 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      Area:
      total: 1.648 million sq km
      land: 1.636 million sq km
      water: 12,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,440 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km

      Coastline: 2,440 km; note - Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: natural prolongation
      exclusive economic zone: bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast

      Terrain: rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
      highest point: Qolleh-ye Damavand 5,671 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

      Land use:
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 27%
      forests and woodland: 7%
      other: 55% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 94,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes along western border and in the northeast

      Environment - current issues: air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      NOTE: The information regarding Iran on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iran Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iran Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -



    Custom Search

    http://www.photius.com/wfb2001/iran/iran_geography.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01