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    Central African Republic Geography 2001

      Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 622,984 sq km
      land: 622,984 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,203 km
      border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

      Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
      highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 75%
      other: 17% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

      Environment - current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Central African Republic Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Central African Republic Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)