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    Comoros Geography 2001

      Location: Southern Africa, group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates: 12 10 S, 44 15 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 2,170 sq km
      land: 2,170 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 340 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

      Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m

      Natural resources: NEGL

      Land use:
      arable land: 35%
      permanent crops: 10%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 18%
      other: 30% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Comoros on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Comoros Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Comoros Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)