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    Congo, Republic of the Economy 2001

      Economy - overview: The economy is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts, an industrial sector based largely on oil, support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing a major share of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s, rapidly rising oil revenues enabled the government to finance large-scale development projects with GDP growth averaging 5% annually, one of the highest rates in Africa. Moreover, the government has mortgaged a substantial portion of its oil earnings, contributing to the government's shortage of revenues. The 12 January 1994 devaluation of Franc Zone currencies by 50% resulted in inflation of 61% in 1994, but inflation has subsided since. Economic reform efforts continued with the support of international organizations, notably the World Bank and the IMF. The reform program came to a halt in June 1997 when civil war erupted. Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, who returned to power when the war ended in October 1997, publicly expressed interest in moving forward on economic reforms and privatization and in renewing cooperation with international financial institutions. However, economic progress was badly hurt by slumping oil prices and the resumption of armed conflict in December 1998, which worsened the Republic of the Congo's budget deficit. Even with the IMF's renewed confidence and high world oil prices, Congo is unlikely to realize growth of more than 5% in 2001-02. With the return to fragile peace, the IMF approved a $14 million credit in November 2000 to aid post-conflict reconstruction.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.1 billion (2000 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: 3.8% (2000 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 10%
      industry: 48%
      services: 42% (1999 est.)

      Population below poverty line: NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2000 est.)

      Labor force: NA

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      revenues: $870 million
      expenditures: $970 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

      Industries: petroleum extraction, cement kilning, lumbering, brewing, sugar milling, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarette making

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricity - production: 302 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 0.66%
      hydro: 99.34%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1999)

      Electricity - consumption: 406.9 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports: 126 million kWh (1999)

      Agriculture - products: cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products

      Exports: $2.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000)

      Exports - commodities: petroleum 50%, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds

      Exports - partners: US 23%, Benelux 14%, Germany, Italy, Taiwan, China (1998)

      Imports: $870 million (f.o.b., 2000)

      Imports - commodities: petroleum products, capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs

      Imports - partners: France 23%, US 9%, Belgium 8%, UK 7%, Italy (1997 est.)

      Debt - external: $5 billion (1999 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: $159.1 million (1995)

      Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States

      Currency code: XAF

      Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 699.21 (January 2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997), 511.55 (1996); note - from 1 January 1999, the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Republic of the Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Republic of the Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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