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    Cuba Geography 2001

      Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Florida

      Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 110,860 sq km
      land: 110,860 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 29 km
      border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
      note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

      Coastline: 3,735 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

      Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 27%
      forests and woodland: 24%
      other: 18% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 9,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

      Environment - current issues: pollution of Havana Bay; overhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: largest country in Caribbean

      NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)