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    Cyprus Geography 2001

      Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
      land: 9,240 sq km
      water: 10 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 648 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, winters

      Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Olympus 1,951 m

      Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 13%
      other: 70% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity; droughts

      Environment - current issues: water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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