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    El Salvador Geography 2001

      Location: Middle America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 21,040 sq km
      land: 20,720 sq km
      water: 320 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries:
      total: 545 km
      border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km

      Coastline: 307 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 29%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes; Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding El Salvador on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)