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    Gambia, The Geography 2001

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 11,300 sq km
      land: 10,000 sq km
      water: 1,300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

      Land boundaries:
      total: 740 km
      border countries: Senegal 740 km

      Coastline: 80 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 18 NM
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

      Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia river flanked by some low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 53 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 150 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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