Guatemala Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Guatemala Geography 2001

      Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico

      Geographic coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 108,890 sq km
      land: 108,430 sq km
      water: 460 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Tennessee

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,687 km
      border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

      Coastline: 400 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 5% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,250 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note: no natural harbors on west coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Guatemala on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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