Israel Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Israel Geography 2001

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

      Geographic coordinates: 31 30 N, 34 45 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 20,770 sq km
      land: 20,330 sq km
      water: 440 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,006 km
      border countries: Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

      Coastline: 273 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

      Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
      highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m

      Natural resources: timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand, oil

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 66% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts

      Environment - current issues: limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: there are 231 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 25 in the Gaza Strip, and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 2000 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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