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    Jamaica Geography 2001

      Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

      Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 10,990 sq km
      land: 10,830 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,022 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

      Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 17%
      other: 39% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 350 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hurricanes (especially July to November)

      Environment - current issues: heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Jamaica Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)