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    Kenya Geography 2001

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 582,650 sq km
      land: 569,250 sq km
      water: 13,400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,446 km
      border countries: Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

      Coastline: 536 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior

      Terrain: low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

      Natural resources: gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 37%
      forests and woodland: 30%
      other: 25% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring drought in northern and eastern regions; flooding during rainy seasons

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers on Mt. Kenya; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

      NOTE: The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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