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    Marshall Islands Economy 2001

      Economy - overview: US Government assistance is the mainstay of this tiny island economy. Agricultural production is concentrated on small farms, and the most important commercial crops are coconuts, tomatoes, melons, and breadfruit. Small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, fish processing, and copra. The tourist industry, now a small source of foreign exchange employing less than 10% of the labor force, remains the best hope for future added income. The islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. Under the terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US provides roughly $65 million in annual aid. Negotiations were underway in 1999 for an extended agreement. Government downsizing, drought, a drop in construction, and the decline in tourism and foreign investment due to the Asian financial difficulties caused GDP to fall in 1996-98.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $105 million (1998 est.), supplemented by approximately $65 million annual US aid

      GDP - real growth rate: -5% (1998 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,670 (1998 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 15%
      industry: 13%
      services: 72% (1995)

      Population below poverty line: NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (1997)

      Labor force: NA

      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

      Unemployment rate: 16% (1991 est.)

      revenues: $80.1 million
      expenditures: $77.4 million, including capital expenditures of $19.5 million (FY95/96 est.)

      Industries: copra, fish, tourism, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls, offshore banking (embryonic)

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: NA%
      hydro: NA%
      nuclear: NA%
      other: NA%

      Agriculture - products: coconuts, tomatoes, melons, cacao, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens

      Exports: $28 million (f.o.b., 1997 est.)

      Exports - commodities: fish, coconut oil, trochus shells

      Exports - partners: US, Japan, Australia

      Imports: $58 million (f.o.b., 1997 est.)

      Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages and tobacco

      Imports - partners: US, Japan, Australia, NZ, Guam, Singapore

      Debt - external: $125 million (FY96/97 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: approximately $65 million annually from the US

      Currency: US dollar (USD)

      Currency code: USD

      Exchange rates: the US dollar is used

      Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

      NOTE: The information regarding Marshall Islands on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Marshall Islands Economy 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Marshall Islands Economy 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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