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    Mauritania Geography 2001

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

      Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1,030,700 sq km
      land: 1,030,400 sq km
      water: 300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,074 km
      border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km

      Coastline: 754 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

      Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha -3 m
      highest point: Kediet Ijill 910 m

      Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 38%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 58% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 490 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: most of the population concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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