Nigeria Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Nigeria Geography 2001

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

      Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 923,768 sq km
      land: 910,768 sq km
      water: 13,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,047 km
      border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

      Coastline: 853 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

      Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 33%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 9,570 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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