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    Portugal Geography 2001

      Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

      Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00 W

      Map references: Europe

      total: 92,391 sq km
      land: 91,951 sq km
      water: 440 sq km
      note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,214 km
      border countries: Spain 1,214 km

      Coastline: 1,793 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

      Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m

      Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble, arable land, hydro power

      Land use:
      arable land: 26%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 36%
      other: 20% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 6,300 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: Azores subject to severe earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

      NOTE: The information regarding Portugal on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Portugal Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Portugal Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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