Tajikistan Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Tajikistan Geography 2001


      Location: Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 143,100 sq km
      land: 142,700 sq km
      water: 400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,651 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

      Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Syrdariya 300 m
      highest point: Pik Imeni Ismail Samani 7,495 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 65% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 6,390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Tajikistan on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tajikistan Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tajikistan Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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