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    Turkey Communications 2001

      Telephones - main lines in use: 19.5 million (1999)

      Telephones - mobile cellular: 12.1 million (1999)

      Telephone system:
      general assessment: undergoing rapid modernization and expansion, especially cellular telephones
      domestic: additional digital exchanges are permitting a rapid increase in subscribers; the construction of a network of technologically advanced intercity trunk lines, using both fiber-optic cable and digital microwave radio relay is facilitating communication between urban centers; remote areas are reached by a domestic satellite system; the number of subscribers to mobile cellular telephone service is growing rapidly
      international: international service is provided by three submarine fiber-optic cables in the Mediterranean and Black Seas, linking Turkey with Italy, Greece, Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia, by 12 Intelsat earth stations, and by 328 mobile satellite terminals in the Inmarsat and Eutelsat systems

      Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 72, shortwave 6 (1998)

      Radios: 11.3 million (1997)

      Television broadcast stations: 635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995)

      Televisions: 20.9 million (1997)

      Internet country code: .tr

      Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 22 (2000)

      Internet users: 2 million (2000)

      NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Communications 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Communications 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)