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    Zimbabwe Geography 2001

      Location: Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia

      Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 390,580 sq km
      land: 386,670 sq km
      water: 3,910 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,066 km
      border countries: Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South Africa 225 km, Zambia 797 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

      Terrain: mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save rivers 162 m
      highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m

      Natural resources: coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 23%
      other: 57% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,930 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)