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Uruguay PEOPLE 2014

SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Uruguay PEOPLE 2014
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 31, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan

Ethnic groups:
white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)

Languages:
Spanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)

Demographic profile:
Uruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly.

In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.

Population:
3,324,460 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 21.4% (male 361,589/female 349,257)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 16% (male 269,649/female 262,582)
25-54 years: 38.8% (male 635,252/female 655,518)
55-64 years: 9.9% (male 155,192/female 174,976)
65 years and over: 13.9% (male 183,450/female 276,995) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 56.2 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 34.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22 %
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2013)

Median age:
total: 34.1 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 32.4 years
female: 35.7 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.25% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
13.28 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.52 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 92% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
MONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.633 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 149
male: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.61 years
country comparison to the world: 73
male: 73.47 years
female: 79.86 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.86 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
77%
note: percent of women aged 15-50 (2004)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
3.74 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 100% of population
rural: 97.6% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 2.4% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 99% of population
rural: 97.8% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 2.2% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
9,900 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
24.8% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
6% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 82
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.9% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 97.6%
female: 98.5% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2010)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 51,879
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 7 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 18.5%
country comparison to the world: 66
male: 14.7%
female: 23.6% (2012)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Uruguay on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uruguay PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uruguay PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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