Libya Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Libya Geography 2001

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates: 25 00 N, 17 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1,759,540 sq km
      land: 1,759,540 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,383 km
      border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,150 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

      Coastline: 1,770 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north

      Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

      Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
      highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 8%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 91% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues: desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)