Niger Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Niger Geography 2001

      Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1.267 million sq km
      land: 1,266,700 sq km
      water: 300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,697 km
      border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

      Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Niger River 200 m
      highest point: Mont Greboun 1,944 m

      Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 2%
      other: 88% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niger Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)