Saint Helena Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Saint Helena Geography 2001

      Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about mid-way between South America and Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 42 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 410 sq km
      land: 410 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes St. Helena Island, Ascension, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha, which consists of Tristan da Cunha Island, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, and the three Nightingale Islands

      Area - comparative: slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 60 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: Saint Helena - tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha - temperate; marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)

      Terrain: Saint Helena - rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains
      note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 82% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns

      NOTE: The information regarding Saint Helena on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Helena Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Helena Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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