Solomon Islands Geography 2001 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Solomon Islands Geography 2001

      Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 159 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 28,450 sq km
      land: 27,540 sq km
      water: 910 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 5,313 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

      Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 88%
      other: 9% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      NOTE: The information regarding Solomon Islands on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Solomon Islands Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Solomon Islands Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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