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    Suriname Geography 2001

      Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

      Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 163,270 sq km
      land: 161,470 sq km
      water: 1,800 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,707 km
      border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

      Coastline: 386 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

      Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
      highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

      Natural resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 96%
      other: 4% (1993 est.)
      note: there are 94,927 hectares of arable land, 7,195 hectares of permanent crops, and 15,000 hectares of permanent pastures

      Irrigated land: 600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, most of which lives along the coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2001 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname Geography 2001 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname Geography 2001 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    >Revised 21-Dec-01
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